endobj Periodontal disease is a chronic inflammatory disease caused by gram-negative bacteria, characterized by gingival inflammation and alveolar bone resorption. Periodontal disease, also know as gum disease, is the major cause of tooth loss in adults. endstream 1 0 obj x�+�r Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Stage 4 Periodontal Disease: This is end-stage periodontal disease, where more than 50% of the bone supporting the tooth has been lost. Clinical Implications.Patients with diabetes who have periodontal 19 0 obj 7 0 obj 7 years ago. endobj 16 0 obj x�+�r Classification of Periodontal Diseases PDF. Plaque-induced periodontal diseases are mixed infections associated with relatively specific groups of indigenous oral bacteria.1-6Suscepti-bility to these diseases is highly variable and depends on host responses to periodontal pathogens.7-11 Although bacteria cause plaque-induced inflammatory periodontal diseases, progression and clinical char- Usually, in most people, there are episodes of progression followed by episodes of remission (of varying length). endobj <>>>/Contents 24 0 R/Parent 3 0 R>> endobj As a review, the periodontal classifications were revised in 1999 and classified as chronic, aggressive (localized and generalized), necrotizing, and a manifestation of systemic disease. In fact, more than 85% of dogs and cats older than four years have periodontal disease of varying stages. e oral bac-terial microbiome includes over di erent phylotypes, x�+�r There are two common forms of periodontal disease. 18 0 obj To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � <>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI]/XObject<>>>/Type/XObject/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 600.05 792]/Matrix[1 0 0 1 0 0]/FormType 1>>stream �26S073QI�r � mainly the result of infections and inflammation of the gums and bone that surround and support the teeth endstream Risk Factors of Periodontal Disease.. Modiable Risk Factors... Microorganisms and Periodontal Disease. 6 DENMARK 2001 3.9 LITHUANIA 1998 15.2 * SPAIN 2005 3 UK 2009 15 GERMANY 2005 2.7 GERMANY 2005 14.2 AUSTRIA 2000 2.2 SPAIN 2005 13.8 SWITZERLAND 2002 1.7 NORWAY 1999 13.5 * SWEDEN 2003 1,5 * SWITZERLAND 2002 10.4 UK 2009 0 SWEDEN 2003 7,5 * EFP partners: PERIODONTAL DISEASE IN EUROPE DOSSIER The shortcomings of available Education is regarded as the most ON … 4 0 obj <>stream endstream (11) analyzed smoking and periodontal dis-ease and found that after adjusting for potential con-founding variables such as age, oral hygiene, gender and socioeconomic status, smoking remained a major risk indicator for periodontal diseases. �*T0T0 Bi������f����� �� periodontal disease is low among children and adolescents, this population can develop several forms of periodontal diseases and conditions most frequently associated with an underlying systemic or immunologic disorder.1-4 In addition, current and early studies show that gingivitis occurs in … If the periodontal pockets are deep and the supporting bone is lost, surgery may be necessary to help prevent tooth loss. Case report, Traumatic Occlusion: Potential Etiologic Risk Factor Leading to a Destructive Periodontal Disease, Open Bite Malocclusion as Potential Predisposing Risk Factor to Promote Periodontal Disease. It is a progressive, cyclical inflammatory disease of the supporting structures of the teeth and is the main cause of dental disease and early tooth loss in dogs and cats. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. �*T0T0 Bi������f����� � 10 0 obj There is no treatment that will keep a Stage 4 tooth healthy, and without extraction, these teeth will cause continued pain, inflammation, and can r esult in progressive In most people, there are episodes of progression followed by episodes of progression by... Years have periodontal ( gum ) disease, you ’ re not alone mild form of periodontal as... Gingivitis does not affect th … periodontal disease, also known as gum disease stress... 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